What are your thoughts on the creation story? We can’t stop there, after all the story of creation runs headlong into the concept of “original sin”; the sin of Adam and Eve eating of the fruit resulting in condemnation for all mankind. Me being me, I have thought a lot about it and researched it from the church perspective and the Jewish perspective and have concluded, once again, the story we are so familiar with is just that, a story. Keep in mind, man creates stories using the familiar to explain the complex. To explain the creation of the earth we have the story version we read in the Bible that contrasts with the scientific version of evolution; the solution to the creation/evolution debate, I suspect, lies somewhere between the two.
For the sake of conversation, let’s lean toward the creation story, as recorded, understanding God, the Creator, is capable of all things and is not limited by man’s finite imagination. I do believe in a Creator, a Supreme Intelligence, a Universal Power, God, and I believe at the conclusion of His creation efforts He declared all that He created good, including man. Following that line of thinking, let’s assume there was a conversation between Adam, Eve and God setting the boundaries for the Garden, in other words, don’t eat from the Tree of Good and Evil.
Backing up to the beginning, God had created the whole earth, so when Adam was created God put him in the Garden. (Genesis 2). God decided Adam needed a partner and from a rib Eve was created. Then God said to be ”fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea, the birds in the air and every living creature that crawls on the earth.” (Genesis 1:28 The Complete Jewish Bible) Notice it says “fill” the earth, “subdue it” and “rule over” it. Adam and Eve were not meant to stay in the Garden forever, which should lead us to understand that God knew Adam and Eve would choose to listen to the serpent rather than the directive they were given. We don’t ever catch God “off guard”; He is fully aware of our fallibility and loves us in spite of our flaws and faults. We were created “in His image”, we are not clones.
So what exactly does it mean to “subdue” the earth and “rule over” all that is within it? English is so limited. It is truly difficult to get the full understanding and meaning of the original Hebrew. The verb form of the word subdue is “kavash” and literally means to place a foot on the neck of the conquered enemy, to demonstrate submission of the enemy; figuratively, kavash means to bring a nation or a people into submission, stop the shenanigans. Ever heard or said, “I’m putting the kabash on that right now” ? My grandmother used to say it. Same concept. Dominion or to rule over something in the Hebrew is a different word; “radah”, and means to descend, go down, wander and spread. Its literal translation alludes to rule by going down and walking among the subjects as an equal.
Man has massaged the scriptures many times over through the centuries, but I still believe God watches over His Word to ensure the gold remains intact, ready to be mined by those willing to search and find, so I don’t think it accidental that subdue and dominion are both used in the same scripture. Together the two words relate to a relationship with all of creation. The creation is to provide for humankind, and we are to learn from the creation, always acting as a benevolent leader, not a dictator.
“On the seventh day God was finished with his work which he had made, so he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. God blessed the seventh day and separated it as holy; because on that day God rested from all his work which he had created, so that it itself could produce.” (Genesis 2:2-3 The Complete Jewish Bible) Anyone who has ever darkened the doorway of a church or Sunday School class knows that on the seventh day of creation God rested and that is why church is on Sunday, at least for much of western Christianity. What we haven’t been told is why God rested; “so that it (all that He had created) itself could produce.” God was done, out of the creation biz, now the job of creation was in the hands of humankind, and humankind had been put in charge. Created in the image of God, man would “produce” like God had; makes sense, right? Adam didn’t know any differently. How did God produce? According to the scripture, He spoke, so man would produce by speaking to bring what he needed into being. Perhaps Adam told the trees to bear fruit, told the rain to fall? We don’t really know. What is recorded says in Genesis 2:5, “ADONAI, God, took the person and put him in the garden of Eden to cultivate and care for it.” (The Complete Jewish Bible). Cultivate at this point is “avad” and means to serve both the creation and worship the Creator; cultivate after the conversation with the serpent became “atsav” meaning “to toil”; very different connotation. Mankind was created from the earth and in turn was to care for it, nurture it and all of creation, and in so doing is serving the Creator, worshiping the Creator, in other words, in relationship with God. Worship is simply living in a state of gratitude. Adam enjoyed the creation, lived in abundance and not by the sweat of his brow as he will eventually do. Enter the serpent…..